A colourful fruit-vegetable, the pepper is a variety of sweet pepper from the Capsicum annuum species. Like the tomato and eggplant, it belongs to the Solanaceae family. With many nutritional qualities, this vegetable is particularly appreciated for its rich content in vitamin C, antioxidants and fibre, and its very low energy value.
In addition to its three main colours - yellow, red and green - which depend solely on the ripeness of the fruit, the pepper comes in many varieties, the best known of which are "Rosso", "Corno di toro" and "Doux des Landes". Cultivation is fairly easy, but it must meet two requirements: sun and heat.
If you wish to grow them, you should start by sowing the pepper indoors, or in a heated mini-greenhouse, between February and March, then plant them in the vegetable garden, in moist, well-drained soil, from the end of May. If you don't have a garden, you can grow it in a pot on your balcony or terrace. Keep in mind that it needs heat to develop well. A greenhouse culture is preferred for colder regions.
Regular watering is essential. To keep the soil cool and optimize the water supply, it is strongly recommended to use a good mulch. Pruning is not compulsory, but is recommended for a better fruit size and easier ripening. The harvest calendar is from July to October.